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Systematic literature reviews for education and social sciences

A guide to conducting a systematic literature review in the Education discipline

Citing your sources

Citing your sources

Citing and referencing your sources is an essential part of your literature review. It is incredibly important for both you and your supervisor to be able to quickly and easily locate you sources to check quotations and general information. This section of the guide will take you through the basics of referencing and some of the tools available to assist you. 

Referencing is the process of clearly and consistently acknowledging all the information sources you have used by:

  • providing citations in your essay where you have quoted or paraphrased another's words or ideas
  • providing a reference list or bibliography at the end of your assignment.

citation is referring to part of a reference, either a direct quotation or paraphrasing, within the text of your writing. These are generally called in-text citations, and the basic information of author and date are included.

Tips for citing your sources

  • Be sure to gather all the details about the source you will be using should you decide to refer to it in your review – eg, authors/s, date, title, URL 
  • Check with your School for the citation style that is required for your assessment items – eg, APA 7, Harvard etc.
  • Consult the Library’s Referencing Guides for information about accurate and responsible referencing in your academic writing  
  • Book a consultation with a library specialist.

Use of referencing software to manage your citations

The Library provides free access to the EndNote software tool which can be used to manage your citations in a number of ways.

What EndNote can do ...  

  • You can use EndNote to:
    • Collect and create a list of references from your research (you can import these from online sources such as  the Library catalogue, Library databases and Google Scholar or enter them manually yourself)
    • Add categories and notes to these references and attach copies of the actual articles if you wish
    • Insert in-text citations in an assignment or paper, and build a Bibliography or List of References automatically formatted in the style you have chosen (eg, APA6, Harvard AGPS).

What EndNote can’t do ...

  • EndNote can assist and guide you, but it:
    • Cannot teach you how to reference correctly.  It is important to understand referencing principles before you use any citation manager.
    • Cannot check or correct references in your library which includes flawed data. You need to double-check imported information is accurate and appears in the correct fields.   

For more information about accessing and using EndNote
See our EndNote information on the Manage your references page.